A DSTO workshop at the frontier of technology, Dec 16-17, 2004, Adelaide, Australia.

TeraHertz for Defence and Security


Conference Program

Venue: Council Room, Level 7, Wills Building, The University of Adelaide, North Terrace.  

  Thursday 16 December

Posters are to be mounted at 8am so they can be viewed over the 2-days during all four coffee breaks.







Registration Please arrive early for quick processing and so we can start on time.


9:00 am—9:50 am















The Opening Ceremony—(Starts 9am sharp).

Master of Ceremonies: Dr. Sam Mickan.

9:00am Dr. Mickan briefly introduces the Dean of Engineering, Prof. Peter Dowd, (1min).

The Welcome: Prof. Peter Dowd introduces Prof. Neville Marsh, Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research) of the University of Adelaide, (2mins).

Prof. Neville Marsh introduces the Hon. Trish White MLC, (3mins).

Opening Address: Hon. Trish White MLC, (10mins).

9:16am Dr. Mickan briefly introduces Prof. Shane Cloude, the DSTO Chair in Microwave Radar, (1min).

Prof. Cloude introduces Dr. D. "Nanda" Nandagopal, Director of the Systems Sciences Laboratory in the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO), (2 mins).

Sponsor's address: Dr. D. "Nanda" Nandagopal. (10mins).

9:29am Dr. Mickan briefly introduces Prof. Derek Abbott. (1min).

The Prologue Address: Prof. Derek Abbott gives a brief layman's introduction T-rays and the vision for the workshop, (20 mins).

The Declaration: Dr. D. "Nanda" Nandagopal officially declares the workshop open, (1min).








Session 1—Keynote Address
(Chair: Prof. Derek Abbott, University of Adelaide)

Prof. Xi-Cheng Zhang, "Terahertz wave spectroscopy and imaging for defence applications," Center for Terahertz Research, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York, USA.
(35mins + 5mins questions)





Morning coffee break (30mins)

VIPs and guests invited specifically for the opening ceremony are invited to stay until end of coffee.









Session 2—TeraHertz in Defence
(Chair: Prof. Shane Cloude, University of Adelaide)

Dr. James O. Jensen, US Army, Maryland, USA, "U.S. Army research in terahertz sensing science & electronic technology: current progress and future directions for effective battlefield deployment. (25mins + 5mins questions)

Dr. Roger Appleby, QinetiQ, Malvern, UK, "From THz to passive millimetre waves for security applications." (25mins + 5mins questions)

Dr. Bernd M. Fischer, University of Freiburg, Germany, "Chemical recognition with broadband THz spectroscopy and its applications in the defence and security sectors."
(25mins + 5mins questions)


12:30pm—1:30 pm


LunchAn Aussie luncheon barbeque will be served in The University of Adelaide Staff Club.


1:30pm—2:30 pm





Session 3—TeraHertz in Security and Related Applications—I (Chair: Dr. Angus Massie, DSTO)

Dr. Tamath Rainsford, The University of Adelaide, Australia, "Terahertz sensing and imaging—global review of applications." (25mins + 5mins questions)

Dr. Ruth Woodward, Picometrix, USA, "Terahertz instrumentation for security and non-destructive evaluation." (25mins + 5mins questions)


2:30pm—3:30 pm





Session 4—TeraHertz in Security and Related Applications—II (Chair: Dr. Bevan Bates, DSTO)

Dr. Tony Fitzgerald, TeraView Ltd., Cambridge, UK, "Terahertz reflection spectroscopy in security and biological applications." (25mins + 5mins questions)

Dr. Bradley Ferguson, Tenix Defence Pty Ltd, Australia, "Towards the realisation of three-dimensional THz inspection systems." (25mins + 5mins questions)




Afternoon coffee break (30mins) Opportunity to view posters and student RF projects.









Session 5—Panel Discussion—From Bluetooth to Bluefang: Is THz feasible for short-link secure wireless communications? (Chair: Dr. Bruce Vyden, DSTO)


  • Prof. Neil H.E. Weste (The University of Adelaide and NHEW P/L),
  • Prof. Reg Coutts (The University of Adelaide and Coutts Communications P/L),
  • Dr. James O. Jensen, (US Army, Maryland, USA),
  • Prof. Bob Miles (University of Leeds, UK),
  • Prof. Dan van der Weide (University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA).

Questions: What are the disadvantages and advantages of THz comms over RF or IR? Why not use IR instead of THz? Power and link budget? Receiver sensitivities? Source powers? Propagation characteristics? System issues? Cost issues? Indoors versus outdoors? Interference and band allocation issues for RF? Solar background and noise issues for IR? Does THz have a plausible niche? Who needs Bluefang anyway? (30mins).





Special Session on AOARD Funding OpportunitiesMajor Tony Mitchell, Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD). (Chair: Dr. Tamath Rainsford). (15mins)

  4:45pm—6:00pm Free time to freshen up for banquet and lab tour.    
Coach pick-up from the Stamford Hotel at 6:00pm sharp. If you miss the coach, ask a taxi to take you to gaol. The coach will stop by our Thebarton campus where we will give a brief tour of our T-ray lab. The coach will then head for the banquet.

7:00 pm—10:30 pm










A tour of the historic Adelaide Goal. Cold and hot canapes will be served during the tour. Followed by the banquet.

  • Starter: (i) Sweet potato and coconut soup with coriander (cilanthro) pesto, or (ii) Roast capsicum (pepper), spinach and ricotta roulade.
  • Main Course: (i) Grilled territory barramundi (an Australian fish delicacy) with pistachio crust & lemon lime sauce, or (ii) Chargrilled fillet of beef with chilli onion confit & field mushroom sauce.
  • Dessert: (i) Profiteroles, or (ii) Belgian chocolate and raspberry torte served with pure cream and chocolate shards.
  • White wine: Wirra Wirra Unwooded Chardonnay
  • Red wine: Annie's Lane Cabernet Merlot
  • Beer: VB


Friday 17 December


Day 2


9:00am - 10:30am






Session 6—Bio and Chemical Sensing with T-rays
(Chair: Dr. Jacinta White, CSIRO)

Prof. Kodo Kawase, RIKEN and Tohuku University, Japan, "Detection of drugs in mail using THz-waves."
(25mins + 5mins questions)

Prof. Andrea Markelz, University at Buffalo, New York, USA, "Establishing THz sensitivity of target to probe binding for pathogen detection." (25mins + 5mins questions)

Dr. Samuel P. Mickan, The University of Adelaide, Australia, "T-ray biosensing." (25mins + 5mins questions)




Morning coffee break (30mins) Opportunity to view posters and student RF projects.


11:00am- 12:00noon





Session 7—T-ray Techniques (Dr. Warren Marwood, DSTO).

Dr. Torsten Löffler, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Germany, "Opto-electronic techniques for remote-sensing and imaging with pulsed and continuous wave THz radiation." (25mins + 5mins questions)

Prof. Daniel van der Weide, University of Wisconsin, USA, "Antennas and electronics for sub-THz stand-off spectroscopic imaging." (25mins + 5mins questions)




LunchA baguette and foccacia luncheon will be served in The Rumours Cafe, Level 6, Union Building.







Session 8—Material characterisation with T-rays
(Chair: Dr. Brad Ferguson, Tenix Defence Systems).

Prof. Robert E. Miles, University of Leeds, UK, "Terahertz science and technology for material identification and classification." (25mins + 5mins questions)

Prof. Roger A. Lewis, University of Wollongong, Australia, "Terahertz technology and material properties." (25mins + 5mins questions)








Session 9—High power electron beam T-ray sources
(Chair: Prof. Jesper Munch, University of Adelaide).

Dr. Sandra G. Biedron, Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois, USA, "The use of terahertz radiation for global homeland security: focus on compact electron beam based sources."
(25mins + 5mins questions)

Dr. Anthony W. Thomas, Jefferson Lab., USA, "High power THz generation for concealed weapon detection and battlefield communications—power and portability issues."
(25mins + 5mins questions)




Afternoon coffee break (30mins) Opportunity to view posters and student RF projects.












Session 10—Australian National T-ray facility
(Chair: Prof. Neil H.E. Weste, University of Adelaide & NHEW P/L).

Dr. Samuel P. Mickan, The University of Adelaide, Australia, "A national user-facility for advanced T-ray imaging and spectroscopy." (25mins + 5mins questions).

Panel Discussion 2—How to spend $2.5 million? Vision for an Australian multiuser T-ray facility.


  • Prof. Xi-Cheng Zhang, RPI, USA — A global perspective
  • Dr. Ruth Woodward, HT Consultants/Picometrix, USA — A global perspective
  • Dr. Roger Appleby, QinetiQ, UK — A defence perspective
  • Dr. Trevor Bird, CSIRO — A national perspective
  • Prof. Don Sinnott, The University of Adelaide — A South Australian perspective
  • Dr. Warren Marwood, DSTO — A DSTO perspective
  • Prof. Derek Abbott, University of Adelaide — A university perspective.

Questions: National priorities? Global benefit? Global science trends? Enhancement for mankind? Defence priorties? Hot science? Trade-offs? Risks? Threats? Opportunities? (30mins).


4:00 pm—5:00pm





Oral Session 11—Bridging from submillimeter to millimeter waves—Part I.
(Chair: Dr. Kieran Greene, CSIRO)

Dr. Trevor Bird, CSIRO ICT Centre, Australia,"Terahertz imaging from a RF engineering perspective."
(25mins + 5mins questions).

Dr. Roger Appleby, QinetiQ, Malvern, UK, "Mechanically scanned real time passive millimetre wave imaging at 94 GHz."
(25mins + 5mins questions).


5:00 pm—6:00pm





Oral Session 12—Bridging from submillimeter to millimeter waves—Part II.
(Chair: Dr. Mark Pszczel, DSTO)

Dr. Hedley J. Hansen, Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO), Australia, "Stand-off detection using mm-wave spectroscopy." (25mins + 5mins questions).

Leonard T. Hall, The University of Adelaide, Australia, "Simple and effective design techniques for passive mm-wave devices." (25mins + 5mins questions).


6:00pm, Close.



  • DSTO announces winner of $2,500 student competition.
  • Close, followed by informal drinks at The Adelaide University Staff Club (go Dutch).

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